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Citing Sources: Class Notes, Class Lectures and Presentations

Learn how to cite your sources using a citation style.

Tips

In-Text Citation or References List

Handouts distributed in class and presentation slides such as Powerpoint should be cited both in-text and on the References list.

Your own notes from lectures are considered personal communications in APA style. They are cited within the text of your assignment, but do not get an entry on the References list.


Presentation Slides from My.Seneca (Blackboard)

Instructor's Last Name, First Initial. Second Intial if given. (Year Presentation Was Created). Title of presentation: Subtitle if any [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from URL for My.Seneca

Example

Graham, J. (2013). Introduction: Jean Watson [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from https://my.senecacollege.ca/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp

Note: The first letter of the word Watson is capitalized as it is part of a person's name.

In-Text Paraphrase (Graham, 2013)
In-Text Quote

(Graham, 2013, slide 6)

Note: APA does not provide specific rules for direct quoting of PowerPoint slides. Seneca Libraries recommends giving the slide number.

Powerpoint Presentation Slides from a Website

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Intial if given. (Year Presentation Was Created). Title of presentation: Subtitle if any [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from Name of Website if given: URL

Example

Kunka, J.L. (n.d.). Conquering the comma [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from Purdue University Writing Lab Website: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/workshops/pp/index.html#presentations

In-Text Paraphrase

(Kunka, n.d.)

Note: When no date is given, use the initials "n.d." where you'd normally put the date.

In-Text Quote

(Kunka, n.d., slide 10)

Note: When no date is given, use the initials "n.d." where you'd normally put the date.

Note: APA does not provide specific rules for direct quoting of PowerPoint slides. Seneca Libraries recommends giving the slide number.


Class Handouts from My.Seneca (Blackboard)

Instructor's Last Name, First Initial. Second Intial if given. (Year Handout Was Created if known). Title of handout: Subtitle if any [Class handout]. Retrieved from URL for My.Seneca

Example

Magowan, A. (2013). Career resources at the library [Class handout]. Retrieved from https://my.senecacollege.ca/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp

In-Text Paraphrase

(Magowan, 2013)

In-Text Quote

(Magowan, 2013, p. 2)

Class Handout In Print

Instructor's Last Name, First Initial. Second Intial if given. (Year Handout Was Created if known). Title of handout: Subtitle if any [Class handout]. City Course is Located in, ON: Seneca College, Course code.

Example

Wood, D. (2013). Laboratory safety overview [Class handout]. Toronto, ON: Seneca College, BIO173. 

In-Text Paraphrase

(Wood, 2013)

In-Text Quote

(Wood, 2013, p. 1)

Class Lectures (Notes From)

Note: Your own notes from a lecture are considered personal communications in APA style. They are cited within the text of your assignment, but do not get an entry on the References list. Put the citation right after a quote or paraphrased content from the class lecture.

(First Initial of Faculty Who Gave Lecture. Second Initial if known. Last Name, personal communication, Month Day, Year lecture took place)

Example

"Infections are often contracted while patients are recovering in the hospital" (J. D. Black, personal communication, May 30, 2012)

Example

Note: If the name of the person who was interviewed is mentioned in the sentence leading into the quote or paraphrased content, you do not need to repeat it in the in-text citation.

J.D. Black explained that "infections are often contracted while patients are recovering in the hospital" (personal communication, May 30, 2012).