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Citing Sources: Chicago Style

Learn how to cite your sources using a citation style.

What is it?

Chicago Manual of Style is another citation method that began in the 1890s as a single sheet of typographic fundamentals drawn up by a University of Chicago Press proofreader. It has expanded and is used worldwide.

LLC Resources

Chicago Citation Style Links

Chicago Manual of Style - The official website of the Chicago Manual of Style, includes a quick reference citation guide.

Chicago Manual of Style Frequently Asked Questions  - The frequently asked questions (FAQ) page for the Chicago Manual of Style.

Chicago Manual of Style from Purdue University - A guide to formatting your paper using the Chicago Manual of Style, including details on general formats and in-depth citation examples.

Chicago Citation Style: General Guidelines

The Chicago Citation Style is unique in that it gives students a choice between two styles: the notes/bibliography style (most commonly associated with Chicago Style), or the author/date (in-text) style. For a more detailed review of both styles please check the helpful links above.

 Notes/Bibilography Style

When citing using this style, students insert a note at the bottom of the page with the citation information along with a corresponding citation in a bibliography at the end of their paper.

Example for a book with one author:

The end note will read:

1. Author First and Last Name, Title of Book (City: Publisher, Year of Publication), page number.

1. Heather Pierce, Persausive Proposals and Presentations: 24 Lessons for Writing Winners (Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 2005), 2-5.

The corresponding bibliographic citation will read:

Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year of Publication.

Pierce, Heather. Persuasive Proposals and Presentations: 24 Lessons for Writing Winners. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 2005.

Author/Date Style

When citing using this style, students cite in-text along with a corresponding bibliographic citation.

Example for a book with one author:

The in-text citation will read:

(Author Last Name Year of Publication, page number)

(Pierce 2005, 2-5)

The corresponding bibliographic citation will read:

Author Last Name, First Name. Year of Publication. Title. City: Publisher.

Pierce, Heather. 2005. Persuasive Proposals and Presentations: 24 Lessons for Writing Winners. Toronto: McGraw-Hill.

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