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Citing Sources: Class Notes, Class Lectures and Presentations

We are transitioning to APA 7th ed. Check with your professor to see which APA edition they require.

Tips

In-Text Citation or References List

Handouts distributed in class and presentation slides such as Powerpoint should be cited both in-text and on the References list, so long as your paper is intended for your course instructor or other students in the course. Otherwise, cite course materials as personal communications. 

Your own notes from lectures are considered personal communications in APA style. They are cited within the text of your assignment, but do not get an entry on the References list.

URLs

For resources from Blackboard, end your citation with the URL for the Blackboard @ GBC login page: https://bb-gbc.blackboard.com 

For resources from a publicly available website, include the full URL for the resource. Do not include any punctuation after a URL. 

PowerPoint Presentation Slides from Blackboard

Instructor's Last Name, First Initial. Second Intial if given. (Year Presentation Was Created, Month Day if given). Title of presentation: Subtitle if any [PowerPoint slides]. Blackboard @ GBC. https://bb-gbc.blackboard.com

Note: Provide a link to the GBC Blackboard login page in the citation. Follow this format if your paper is intended for your course instructor or other students in the course; otherwise, cite course materials as personal communications. 

Example

McLean, K. (2019, October 31). Library research for COMM1007 [PowerPoint slides]. Blackboard @ GBC. https://bb-gbc.blackboard.com

In-Text Paraphrase (McLean, 2019)
In-Text Quote

(McLean, 2019, Slide 6)

Note: Provide a slide number in place of a page number.

PowerPoint Presentation Slides from a Website

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Intial if given. (Year Presentation Was Created, Month Day if given). Title of presentation: Subtitle if any [PowerPoint slides]. Name of Website. URL

Example

Smith, C. (2017, October 13). AI and machine learning demystified [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare. https://www.slideshare.net/carologic/ai-and-machine-learning-demystified-by-carol-smith-at-midwest-ux-2017

In-Text Paraphrase

(Smith, 2017)

In-Text Quote

(Smith, 2017, Slide 10)

Class Lectures (Notes From)

Note: Your own notes from a lecture are considered personal communications in APA style. They are cited within the text of your assignment, but do not get an entry on the References list. Put the citation right after a quote or paraphrased content from the class lecture.

(First Initial of Faculty Who Gave Lecture. Second Initial if known. Last Name, personal communication, Month Day, Year lecture took place)

Example

"Infections are often contracted while patients are recovering in the hospital" (J. D. Black, personal communication, May 30, 2012)

Example

Note: If the name of the person who was interviewed is mentioned in the sentence leading into the quote or paraphrased content, you do not need to repeat it in the in-text citation.

J.D. Black explained that "infections are often contracted while patients are recovering in the hospital" (personal communication, May 30, 2012).