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Citing Sources: Statistics

We are transitioning to APA 7th ed. Check with your professor to see which APA edition they require.

Tips

Author

Most Statistics Canada documents will have the author as Statistics Canada. This is considered a group or corporate author.

If a Statistics Canada document has an inidividual or several individuals credited as the author, begin the entry with their name(s), following the format Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if given. In this case you would cite Statistics Canada as the publisher. 

Publisher

Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the publisher name is generally omitted from the reference. 

DOI or URL?

Statistics Canada assigns a DOI (digital object identifier) to some publications and data sets, both print an electronic. If a DOI is available, include it at the end of the citation in place of a URL. It is not necessary to include both a DOI and a URL. 

Electronic Publication

Statistics Canada. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). Publisher Name if different from author. URL or DOI

Example

Statistics Canada. (2007). Comparative level of GDP per capita in Canada and the United States: A decomposition into labour productivity and work intensity differences (No. 15-206-XIE-No.008). http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection/Statcan/15-206-XIE/15-206-XIE2007008.pdf

Note: Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the publisher element is omitted from the reference.

In-Text Paraphrase (Statistics Canada, 2007)
In-Text Quote

(Statistics Canada, 2007, p. 5)

Data Set

Statistics Canada. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (Table no.) [Data set]. Publisher Name if different from author. URL or DOI

Example

Statistics Canada. (2019). Youth courts, number of cases and charges by type of decision (Table 35-10-0038-01) [Data set]. https://doi.org/10.25318/3510003801-eng

Note: Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the publisher element is omitted from the reference. As this source has both a DOI and a URL, only the DOI is included in the citation.

In-Text Paraphrase (Statistics Canada, 2019)
In-Text Quote

(Statistics Canada, 2019)

Note : Since data sets have no page numbers, paragraph numbers, subject headings or time stamps, this element is omitted from the reference.

Infographic

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication, Month Day if Given).Title of infographic: Subtitle if any. Name of Website (if different from corporate author). URL 

Example

Statistics Canada. (2020, March 5). How far have we come: Representation of women among full-time university faculty [infographic]. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/11-627-m/11-627-m2020021-eng.htm

Note: If the infographic title ends with a question mark (?) or exclamation point (!), you do not need to add a period to mark the end of the title. 

In-Text Paraphrase (Statistics Canada, 2020)
In-Text Quote

(Statistics Canada, 2020)